MRV is the acronym of Monitoring, Reporting & Verification and it became popular when the “Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament on the Monitoring, Reporting and Verification of Carbon Dioxide emissions from maritime transport” came into force last 1st July 2015.
Purpose of this Regulation is to establish procedures for Monitoring, Reporting & Verification of CO2 emissions and additional data gathering to be followed by
S-Keeper 7™, in accordance with MARPOL VI requirements, exceeds the MRV requests and allows the Ship Owner or the Fleet Manager to be fully compliant, with no additional cost, also to Regulation (EU) 2015/757.
Which type of ship is involved in this Regulation? Passengers ships, ro-ro ships, container ships, oil/chemical/gas/bulk carriers…basically any type of ships but warships, naval aux, fish-catching/processing…see the full list in [Article 2]
Here the Regulation Milestones as per [Article X] on Regulation 2015/757
The Monitoring Plan, to be submitted by 31 August 2017, will be based on several data to identify the Ship itself and selected method for monitoring CO2 [Article 6]:
and it will be standardized according to available templates, see Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1927 “on Templates for Monitoring Plans…maritime transport”.
The Monitoring Plan, to be submitted by 30 April of each year as per [Article 11, 2015/757], will be in an electronic version according to the template available in the Thetis MRV automated Union Information System aka Thetis MRV see http://emsa.europa.eu/psc-main/thetis.html
The Ship Verifier is a legal entity, accredited by a recognized & national accreditation body, carrying out verification activities and assessing the conformity of the Monitoring Plan with Regulation requirements. The Verifier shall be an entity fully independent from the Ship Company or Ship Operator entity. Regulation (EU) 2016/2072 “on the verification activities and accreditation of verifiers….maritime transport” is dedicated to clarify the role, the requirements and the duties of the Verifier.
The Cargo Carried determination is clarified in Regulation (EU) 2016/1928 “on determination of cargo carried…emission from maritime transport” on which are listed the ship categories and the parameters to determine the “cargo carried” per ship category.
The CO2 Monitoring Activities will be performed on both a per-voyage basis and an annual basis with a different sets of gathered data [Article 10 & 11] and ANNEX II:
Per-Voyage Basis set will rely on
Annual Basis set will rely on
ANNEX I clarifies
The Calculation of CO2 as next formula
Calculation of CO2 = Fuel Consumption x Emission Factor
The updated Emission Factors are listed in Regulations 2016/2071 “amending Regulation (EU) 2015/757….other relevant information”
The 4 acceptable methods for calculate actual fuel consumption for each voyage
a) Bunker Fuel Delivery Note aka BDN
b) Bunker fuel tank monitoring on board
c) Flow Meters for applicable combustion processes
d) Direct CO2 emissions measurements
or any combinations of above methods to enhance the overall accuracy of the measurement.
As per next table, any S-Keeper 7™ type is able to measure directly CO2 emissions and therefore is compliant to MRV requirements:
S-Keeper 7™ will measure the CO2 concentration emitted by main engines, aux engines, gas turbines, boilers as required thanks to the extractive method taking off from each exhaust gas stack (funnel).
The CO2 concentration is multiplied by exhaust gas flow, calculated with Carbon Balance Method, to determine the CO2 emissions. A self-calibration method is a S-Keeper 7™ standard as well any type of ship data gathering and subsequently a fully customized report release.
[Article 20] is focused on Penalties, Information Exchange & Expulsion Order… and paragraph 3 clarify “In the case of ships that have failed to comply with the monitoring and reporting requirements for two or more consecutive reporting periods and where other enforcement measures have failed to ensure compliance, the competent authority of the Member State of the port of entry may issue an expulsion order which shall be notified to the Commission, EMSA, the other Member States and the flag State concerned“.